Shirley Chisholm (1924 – 2005) was an American politician, educator, and author. She was born in Brooklyn, New York, to immigrant parents. In 1968, she became the first African-American woman elected to Congress. On January 25, 1972, she became the first major-party black candidate for President of the United States and the first woman to run for the Democratic presidential nomination. She fought for human rights and was an inspiration to many women.